hassan 2 mosque history

[2][3] Completed in 1993, it was designed by Michel Pinseau under the guidance of King Hassan II and built by Moroccan artisans from all over the kingdom. The structures of the entire mosque are made of reinforced concrete covered with decorations from Moroccan craftsmanship. The ten-lane boulevard with shopping avenues has its at the southern facade of the mosque and extends to the gates of the Palace Oued el Makhazine in the middle of the city. Masjid Al-Hassan Thani, Masjid Hassan Thani, Masjid Sultan Hassan II Casablanca, Morocco 33°36′26.4″N 7°37′57.2″W Islam Mosque 1986 1993 King Hassan II King of Morocco Largest in the country Moorish French architect Michel Pinseau 90000m² 1 1 210m (689 ft) 105,000 While Hassan wished to build a mosque which would be second in size only to the mosque at Mecca, the government lacked funds for such a grand project. Through this architectural masterpiece, His Majesty Hassan II wanted to highlight the importance and value of the mosque among Moroccans throughout history, just as He wanted to show that this place of worship has played an important role in the promotion of authentic architectural art and the preservation of the civilizational heritage, especially since the Casablanca Hassan II mosque reflects the great talents of the Moroccan Artisan. The prayer hall is also illuminated by light from the glass gates on the northern wall.[21]. The building is built partially on land and partially over the ocean. Even though the many structural changes were made as per detailed design, still during execution of works, 100 external pillars, called “combs” because of their wave breaking characteristics, were exposed to salt water and wave action and had to be replaced with new pillars. [17] A particular feature in the mosque is that all structures are made of reinforced cement concrete and all decorations are of traditional Moroccan design. The historical context of the mosque began with the death of King Mohammed V in 1961. [21] This involved use of moly-grade stainless steel combined with high-grade concrete to make the structure resistant to chloride attack, a process that evolved during 3 years of research. This was built 5 metres (16 ft) below the highest water level. [16] It is ornamented with pale blue marble and Zellige tilework. [8], The prayer hall is built to a rectangular plan of 200 metres (660 ft) length and 100 metres (330 ft)[20] width with three naves, which are perpendicular to the qibla wall. The traditionally designed madrasa occupies an area of 4,840 square metres (52,100 sq ft) including the basement. [10] Its environmental advantage is that it is free of noise and pollution and receives a fresh breeze from the sea.[4]. Such panels, built with multicolored arches, engraved with ornamented floral designs, appear like a geometrical framework when viewed from the outside. The cedar wood domes were fixed to frames made with 971 t of stainless steel and suspended from the reinforced concrete structure. It showcases art pieces from various traditional Moroccan arts as well as unused architectural elements of the mosque, such as carved stucco, painted wood ceilings, and zellij walls. The base to the top width ratio of 1 to 8 (between basement and the summit) has a marble covering on the exterior with austere decoration. There are features from an old Roman fort converted into the tomb of King Mohammed V of Rabat. The central nave of the hall is 40 metres (130 ft) and larger than the side naves which are 27 metres (89 ft) high. It is so large that it can easily accommodate the house of the Notre Dame of Paris or St Peter's of Rome. Mosquée Hassan II. The Hassan II Mosque (Arabic: مسجد الحسن الثاني‎, French: Grande Mosquée Hassan II) is a mosque in Casablanca, Morocco. Two large breakwaters were also built, to protect the mosque from the erosive action of the ocean waves, which can be up to 10 metres (33 ft) in height. Last edited on 10 November 2020, at 23:26, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hassan_II_Mosque&oldid=988083014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 105,000 (25,000 indoors, additional 80,000 on Mosque's grounds), This page was last edited on 10 November 2020, at 23:26. [9] It was designed by the French architect Michel Pinseau who had lived in Morocco, and was constructed by the civil engineering group Bouygues. [3], The mosque is located at Bd Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdallah in Casablanca. The king Hassan II Casablanca mosque is the largest mosque in Africa paper writers college interesting research topics for high school students, and the 5th largest in the world. La Mosquée Hassan II est un lieu de culte et de recueillement, et afin que les visites se déroulent dans les meilleures conditions, vous êtes priés de vous conformer aux règles suivantes : Portez des habits qui couvrent les épaules, le torse et arrivent en dessous des genoux. The design of this work was the result of collaboration between the office of the French architect Michelle PINSEAU and the various Moroccan artisanal bodies that have created and revive by the hand of maâlem (master) beauty and the splendid seal of Moroccan architecture. The exterior surfaces of the mosque display titanium, bronze, and granite finishes. [18], The roof is retractable, illuminating the hall with daytime sunlight and allowing worshippers to pray under the stars on clear nights. Salt water migrating into the porous concrete caused the rusting of the rebar steel reinforcements resulting in expansion of the steel and causing cracking of concrete. The construction works started under the effective and daily supervision of His Majesty Hassan II, who had made sure that this great building reflects the artistic specificities of authentic Moroccan architecture, while highlighting its openness to technological innovations. So there is an error, somewhere. The concrete quantity poured involved 100,000 cubic metres (3,500,000 cu ft) of non-reinforced bulk concrete and 10,000 cubic metres (350,000 cu ft) of high-strength concrete. A masterpiece of Arab-Muslim architecture, the Hassan II Mosque is one of the most beautiful religious buildings in the world. [16] Tadelakt, a plastering technique which adds egg yolks and black soap into mixed plaster, was used in the hammam baths. At the same time, he wanted to create a mausoleum to commemorate the late King Mohamed V. The mosque was … In the third phase, the structural slabs and pillars on the exterior part of mosque exposed to the sea were demolished; 6,000 cubic metres (210,000 cu ft) of concrete was removed. This siting was accomplished by creating a platform linking a natural rock outcrop reclaimed from the sea,[7][8] where a swimming pool had previously been located. The entire work was done at a cost of 50 million euros. [2] However, the building was not completed on schedule which delayed inauguration. Casablanca mosque – king Hassan 2 Mosque of Casablanca. All of the granite, plaster, marble, wood and other materials used in the construction, were extracted from around Morocco, with the exception of some Italian white granite columns and 56 glass chandeliers. During the most intense period of construction, 1400 men worked during the day and another 1100 during the night. If you want to keep up to date with news and important events concerning the Hassan II mosque foundation, Boulevard de Tiznit, Casablanca, Grand Casablanca, Casablanca 20000, Maroc. However, the stability of protective structures at sea has proven to be insufficient and major work to strengthen the embankment has been underway since October 2006. History; Visits; Prayer Times Asr 16:24 GMT. Geometrically shaped polychromatic zellji with carved plaster are noted with floral and geometric designs with epigraphy. King Hassan II had requested for the best of the country's artisans to come forward and submit plans for a mausoleum to honour the departed king; it should "reflect the fervor and veneration with which this illustrious man was regarded. All of these works involved use of 1300 tons of special steel (with 40 tons of Mo) of 8–20 millimetres (0.31–0.79 in) bars with yield strength of 850 N per mm2. The Hassan II Mosque or Grande Mosquée Hassan II (Arabic: مسجد الحسن الثاني ‎; colloquially the "Casablanca Hajj") is a mosque in Casablanca, Morocco.It is the largest mosque in Morocco, the second largest in Africa, and the 5th largest in the world. [5] The 9-hectare (22-acre) complex nestles between the harbor and the El Hank lighthouse. The largest are six meters in diameter, ten meters in height and weigh 1,200 kg. Two stories in height, it is constructed in a semi-circular shape, with abutting qibla wall and the mihrab section. Hassan II Mosque is actually unique in its architecture and size. On either side of the hall, there are mezzanine floors with carved dark wood furnishings, which are reserved for women. In the fourth phase, new exterior protection works were built using high-strength concrete with 2205 (conforming to UNS S 32205 EN 1.442 standards) stainless steel rods as reinforcements for effective erosion control. The central hall is centrally heated, and provides spectacular underwater views of the Atlantic Ocean. Apart from the mosque, other structures in the area are a madrasa (Islamic school), hammams (bathhouses), a museum on Moroccan history, conference halls, and a very large library said to be the "most comprehensive in the Islamic world. Its layout is known as the basilican plan, which is different from the common practice of a T shaped plan adopted in many North African countries. [22] It has a laser beam fitted at the top, which is electronically operated in the evening. Ut elit tellus, luctus nec ullamcorper mattis, pulvinar dapibus leo. Around 1980, King Hassan the II commissioned the mosque because he felt that Casablanca lacked impressive and beautiful buildings and a true landmark for the city. Planned on the site of the former municipal swimming pool, its construction began on July 12, 1986 and its inauguration took place on August 30, 1993, after seven years of work. [12] It displays elements found in other Moroccan buildings such as the unfinished mosque in Rabat and the Koutoubia Mosque in Marrakesh. Planned on the site of the former municipal swimming pool, its construction began on July 12, 1986 and its inauguration took place on August 30, 1993, after seven years of work. In addition to public donations and those from business establishments and Arab countries (such as Kuwait and Saudi Arabia), western countries provided construction loans, which Morocco repaid.[4]. In the words of the authors of the book Morocco Country Study Guide, the Hassan II Mosque "undeniably marks the continuity of a modernized ancestral art and bears the sign of innovations that are due not only to technical reasons but also to a fertile exploration of new aesthetic possibilities. Covering the roof required the installation of 300,000 specially made cast aluminum tiles by the Bouygues group teams led by Aldo Carbonaro (project director) and Abdelatif Haboubi (site manager), imitating the terracotta tile. [21] The works were carried out in four phases. The story around the Hassan II Mosque is quite impressive. The prayer hall is topped by a mobile roof of 3,400 m2 and 1,100 t which can move in five minutes thanks to a drive system. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); The Hassan II Mosque was built under the reign and directives of King Hassan II. Expression of the symbiosis between a king and his people, the realization of this prestigious monument was financed thanks to the participation of all the Moroccan people who voluntarily answered the Royal call, each according to his means and his generosity . There are stitches of roudani tracetine on a 100,000 MP surface. History of the Hassan II Mosque in Casablanca. This was achieved by the Science Department of the Bouygues Group, the contractors for the project, who developed an extra-strength concrete four times stronger than ordinary concrete. These were made from high-strength concrete with 2205 stainless steel reinforcements. [21] The roof is covered with cast-aluminium tiles, (similar to the Fez tiles), stronger and more reliable than traditional ceramic tiles, and about 35 percent lighter. glazed traditional from Fez but four times lighter. It is the largest functioning mosque in Africa and is the 7th largest in the world. Called B.H.P (highly resistant concrete), it offers a resistance to compression value of 1200 bars per sqcm (claimed to be a world record) and has a very quick setting time. The museum opened its doors to the public after the construction of the mosque. Hassan II Mosque is actually unique in its architecture and size. [21] This enabled the building of a taller structure with due underpinning of the foundation, while adhering to the construction schedule. [23] Green tiles decorate the minaret for one third of the height from the top, and then changes colour to deep green or turquoise blue; it is said that in the Hassan II minaret, the designer had used his sea-foam green and God’s blue to celebrate the life of a king. For the construction of the building containing the prayer hall, the minaret and the madrasa, twelve tower cranes of 220 rpm and eight mobile cranes were installed. His late Majesty Hassan II, may God rest his soul, laid the foundation stone of this mosque on 5 Dou Al Kiida 1406 of the Hegira, corresponding to July 11, 1986. The gates are embellished with marble bars which have faux voussoirs (alternately smooth or sculpted). Structural deterioration in the concrete wall was observed ten years after the mosque's completion. [21] This was explained as being due to exposure to the salt water of the Atlantic Ocean, into which nearly half of the mosque’s foundation projects. Since the mosque … Since the mosque is located on the shores of the Atlantic Ocean, the foundations required 26,000 m of concrete and 60,000 m of riprap in order to combat the effects of the swell. Salt water had penetrated beyond the steel bar also into the structures. [citation needed] Its minaret is the world's second tallest minaret at 210 metres (689 ft). Its minaret is the world's tallest at 210 metres (689 ft). Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. "[15] The building dimensions are 200 metres (660 ft) in length and 100 metres (330 ft) in width. The basilical plan of the mosque justifies this layout of the boulevard. The idea of building a large mosque in Casablanca reflects the Royal will to provide the Casablanca metropolis with a great spiritual and civilizational monument of Morocco, giving it a harmonious urban development and allowing it to increase its radiance and influence based on faith, piety and tolerance. "[12] In 1980, during his birthday celebrations, Hassan II had made his ambitions very clear for creating a single landmark monument in Casablanca by stating:[3]. [21], Minaret's reflection on the Atlantic water. - Mosquée Hassan 2 [9], Construction costs, estimated to be about 585 million euro, were an issue of debate in Morocco, a lower mid-income country. The marble and granite coverings of Moroccan origin represent 50 hectares of area with an average thickness of 14 cm. A minaret with a height of 200m; A prayer hall with a surface of 2 hectares ; Laser with a range of 30km headed towards Mecca; Visit the mosque; Discover the museum; Cultural Program; News. Cranes were also designed to suit the height of the minaret for concreting. [22] The concrete used for the minaret was a special high-grade type, which could perform well under severe conditions of a combined action of strong wind and seismicity. It was dedicated to the Sovereign of Morocco. The building of this mosque on the Atlantic Ocean inspired by the Qur'anic verse "the throne of God was upon the water" was a pioneering idea intended to invite believers who go to this mosque to remember the greatness of God who created the sea and the sky. 01.06.2019 . Subject to very severe climatic constraints (swell, humidity, spray) Hassan II mosque has, despite constant maintenance, shown signs of early aging in 1998 (cracks, falling formwork panels), found the Associated Press. Therefore, the faithful who go there to pray, to praise the creator on firm soil, can contemplate God's sky and ocean. 10,000 artists and craftsmen participated in building and beautifying the mosque. At 210 metres (690 ft) in height the minaret is the second tallest minaret in the world. The qibla wall is perpendicular to the naves which is said to be an unconventional layout, given that it is customary for the rows of worshipers facing Mecca to be as wide as possible rather than extend farther back (Halod and Khan 1997, 61). The decorations in the hall are elaborate and exquisite made possible by involving 6000 master artisans of Morocco working on it. Stay connected! The pillars of 13 metres (43 ft) height are square in shape with engaged columns and cruciform joining a series of pillars. [12] The first-class sound system is discreetly hidden. Construction was scheduled to be completed in 1989 ready for Hassan II's 60th birthday. [13] It weighs 1100 tons and can be opened in five minutes; it measures 60 metres (200 ft) high, with an area of 3,400 square metres (37,000 sq ft). [11] Six thousand traditional Moroccan artisans worked for five years to create the abundant and beautiful mosaics, stone and marble floors and columns, sculpted plaster moldings, and carved and painted wood ceilings. [6], The mosque rises above the Atlantic Ocean. "[12], The prayer hall is on the ground floor. Read more + Visits Prices Change at The Complex of the Hassan Second Mosque. From the nearest train station at Casa-Port it is about a 20-minute walk to the mosque. Much of the financing was by public subscription. Notable architectural features include the conspicuous columns, the horseshoe arches, and the innumerable muqarnas embellishing the ceilings. The walls are of hand-crafted marble and the roof is retractable. Historical Mosquee Hassan II The Hassan II Mosque was built under the reign and directives of King Hassan II.

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